Australian Institute of Criminology
Since July 2007, the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) has been conducting research into the trafficking of persons in the Asia-Pacific. This report examines what is known about labour trafficking in Australia, based on incidences of reported crimes, but also by drawing on information about unreported crime. It provides an assessment about the known or likely incidence of trafficking in persons that can occur in the agricultural, cleaning, hospitality, construction and manufacturing industries, or in less formal sectors such as domestic work and home-help.
Building the knowledge base about labour trafficking is part of larger efforts directed at the prevention of trafficking. Crime prevention is, among other things, premised on understanding the opportunities for offending, the likely risk of offending and factors that impact on vulnerability. This report considers those factors, drawing on information about reported and what appeared to be unreported instances of labour trafficking, along with information about the broader context where opportunities for offending and individual vulnerability may coincide.
The broader context within which opportunities for offending and risks for victimisation appear to be present are also considered, in particular, the role of intermediaries in facilitating access to what might be described as 'risky' migration pathways, involving payment of exorbitant fees to brokers and agents overseas, and the role of diasporas as both a source of protection and as a site of potential exploitation.