Deaths in custody in Australia: National Deaths in Custody Program 2008
Matthew Lyneham, Jacqueline Joudo Larsen and Laura Beecroft
Australian Institute of Criminology
This report analyses deaths occurring in custodial settings, such as prison and juvenile detention, as well as police custody and related operations, such as sieges and motor vehicle pursuits. It does not consider deaths in detention centres under immigration legislation.
Monitoring of deaths in custody began in 1992 following recommendations by the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCADIC), which was, in turn, a response to hangings and other deaths of Indigenous persons in custody in the 1980s. The purpose of monitoring deaths in custody is to provide accurate, regular information that will contribute to policy and programs that aim to reduce deaths in custody and to increase public understanding of the issues.
As with previous reports, this report uses data provided by state and territory police services, correctional and juvenile justice agencies, and has been reviewed by relevant state and territory agencies before publication.